Imagine your frustration that your classmates have finished their tests and you are still struggling to understand the jumble of letters and words on the page. Dyslexic students cannot read efficiently or respond quickly to what they have read. People with dyslexia typically have average or above average intelligence but they labour to understand written text. According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, there are several contributing factors that might lead to developing the learning disorder, including genetic makeup, brain injury, and others. Continue reading
While there is no miracle cure for Alzheimer’s dementia, researchers have discovered that our daily diet has an immense impact on improving the cognitive function of Alzheimer’s patients as well as determining whether or not we develop the disease later on in life. Medical experts believe that a diet low in fats and rich in antioxidant foods such as blueberries and grapes (particularly grape seeds and grape seed extract) can significantly minimize the likelihood of age-associated cognitive decline even if there is a history of dementia in the family. Surely this is fantastic news for persons who have seen their loved ones severely limited by this terrible disease!
Despite its seemingly complex title, NLP, or Neuro-Linguistical Programming, is really not at all complicated. In fact, fundamentally, it is simply about studying the proposition of positive foundations in the mind and replicating them, in order to produce positive outcomes Continue reading
In a landmark experiment in 1935, John Ridley Stroop demonstrated a cognitive effect which has fascinated psychologists for centuries. In the first of a series of experiments reported in his dissertation, Stroop asked participants to read the names of a list of colour words (e.g. blue, red, etc) under two conditions. In the first condition, participants were asked to read words that were printed in black ink whereas in the other condition they were expected to read words which were printed in ink colours that did not match the color names. For example, the word blue may have been printed in red ink (i.e. blue – in this case, the correct answer would have been blue). In this experiment, Stroop found that there was no significant difference in performance between the two conditions. Continue reading
Michael Stevens looks at possible causes for deja vu and suggests that it might be due to a disconnect between the different parts of our brain which are simultaneously processing information consciously and unconsciously. Michael also explains other quirky phenomena such as presque vu, jamais vu and the hypnagogic jerk.
Sigmund Freud is known the world over as being one of the most recognisable names in the field of psychology. The Austrian neurologist is famous for being the founder of psychoanalysis and for his controversial theories which were often of a sexual nature. Born in 1856, the young Freud was part of an unusual family structure, with a mother 20 years younger than his father, and two half-brothers almost as old as his mother. Despite this and his family’s financial hardships, Freud went on to excel in his studies and graduated as a doctor of medicine in 1881.
The catalyst in Freud’s founding of psychoanalysis came in his treatment of patients suffering from hysteria. After forming his private practice in 1886, Freud used hypnosis on his patients to try to find the underlying cause of their mental issues. Continue reading